Bird Flu Alarm

2006-02-08-CHRONOLOGY-Bird flu developments

Understanding Avian Influenza

2006-02-08-CHRONOLOGY-Bird flu developments

The deadly H5N1 bird flu virus has spread to Africa for the first time where it has killed poultry in northern Nigeria, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Wednesday.

The overall human death toll from the virus confirmed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) stands at 88. Here is a short chronology of events since bird flu re-emerged in late 2003.

Dec 15, 2003 - South Korea confirms a highly contagious type of bird flu at a chicken farm near Seoul and begins a mass cull of poultry when the virus rapidly spreads across the country.

Jan 8, 2004 - Vietnam says bird flu found on poultry farms.

Sept 27 - Thailand says it has found a case where one human probably infected another with bird flu. It said this was an isolated incident posing little risk to the population.

Oct 10, 2005 - The European Commission announces a ban on imports of live birds and feathers from Turkey to the EU in response to Turkey reporting its first case of bird flu two days earlier. It was confirmed as H5N1, the type dangerous to humans.

Oct 15 - British tests identify H5N1 in three ducks found dead in Ceamurlia de Jos in Romania, the first case of H5N1 in mainland Europe.

Nov 11 - Kuwait reports the first known case of deadly bird flu in the Gulf Arab region, saying a culled flamingo was carrying the H5N1 strain.

Dec 3 - Ukraine tackles its first outbreak of bird flu in poultry, sending troops to patrol exclusion zones in the Crimea peninsula where the virus was detected.

Jan 15, 2006 - Turkey says a fourth child from the eastern town of Dogubayazit has died of bird flu.

Jan 18 - International donors pledge $1.9 billion to combat the spread of bird flu at the end of a conference in Beijing.

Jan 29 - H5N1 is confirmed in sample taken from poultry in northern Cyprus in the latest sign of the spread westwards of the disease to the edges of Europe.

Feb 6 - WHO confirms two deaths from bird flu in Indonesia, taking the overall toll to 88. These comprise the four in Turkey, 16 in Indonesia, seven in China, four in Cambodia, 14 in Thailand, 42 in Vietnam and 1 in Iraq.

Feb 8 - The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) says an outbreak of bird flu among poultry in Kaduna state in northern Nigeria is a highly pathogenic form of the H5N1 virus. H5N1 had not previously been detected in Africa, though other bird flu strains have.

Understanding Avian Influenza